Jorge Gutiérrez Aceves, M.D.
Urology, Endourology and Robotic Surgery
All organs and tissues within the body are conformed of specialized cells according to the task they carry out. Our cells die and are constantly replaced, this process occurs by cellular division.
The cancer is caused by a defect during the normal division of cells, that instead of dividing into a normal cell it is converted into a malignant cell (cancer). The malignant cell grows up faster than normal cells and can disseminate to neighboring tissues. Eventually this abnormal growth will form a malignant tissue mass known as tumor. Localized first on one organ, the tumor can disseminate to another neighbor organ as well.Cuando las células tumorales son trasportadas a través de la sangre y el sistema linfático para alcanzar órganos distantes, utilizamos el término "metástasis".
When tumor cells are transported through the blood stream and lymphatic system to reach distant organs, we use the term “metastasis”.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, and the second leading cause of cancer death after lung cancer.
The group of risk for this disease, are all men older than 50 years.
This risk increases with age. Other risk factors are race and family history.
As it happens with several kinds of cancer, the early detection and treatment increases the percentage of cure, although there is no way to prevent cancer, the possibility of avoiding the damages caused for its progression exists.
The prostate cancer is detected with the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), which is a protein produced by prostate that can be detected in high levels in blood when cancer is present. Other detection methods available are Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and transrectal ultrasound with biopsy, which allow cancer detection at earlier stages.
Localized prostate cancer is in early clinical stages (the first two stages, T1 and T2). The localized term refers to the cancer that is within the prostate, and which is potentially curable.
In these stages several therapeutic options are available, all with high potential cure rate: the radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy, prostate brachytherapy and the High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU).